Development and Urbanization
Global warming has particularly affected the Mongolian region, causing a deterioration in the quality of life of the country's population. The scarce rains, the desertification of the steppes, the increasingly cold and harsh winters, as well as the loss of biodiversity and deforestation, have been several of the reasons why a large part of the population has decided to abandon the nomadic heritage of the country and settle in urban areas in the last decades. Specifically, the city of Darkhan, in northern Mongolia, is experiencing the consequences of an intense rural exodus, through a strong and disorderly population increase. This situation has caused a series of social and environmental problems by settling, without previous urban planning, in suburbs without order or access to basic services, using the traditional nomadic yurts or ger as housing.
In view of this situation, the Korean Agency for Development Aid KOICA and the National University of Incheon, South Korea in collaboration with the University of Malaga decide to start a triangular cooperation project based on the implementation of a "Green Ger Village" that reduces the environmental problems and improves the quality of life of the population of the districts ger of Darkhan.
This research will analyze the development policies of South Korea in Mongolia, the sociocultural consequences of the settlement of the nomad population and finally the suitability of the implementation of the "Green Ger Village" project through ethnographic work carried out in the field and the implementation of the systems dynamics methodology.