This paper explores China’s international propaganda strategies in the case of germ-warfare allegation against the US during the Korean War. In the early 1952, the PRC, North Korea, and the Soviet Union accused the U.S. of waging germ-warfare in China and Korea. Chinese government launched a wide range of the international propaganda and campaign of the allegations against the US in an effort to appeal to the world public opinion. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) utilized state-owned newspapers, news agencies, English-language magazines, and radio to win the hearts and minds. At the same time, the CCP also actively appropriated transnational networks with influential left-leaning European intellectuals, such as Joseph Needham, in the context of the global Cold War.
Most studies on the Cold War propaganda mainly focused on the battle for the hearts and minds between the US and the Soviet Union, while China’s role in winning the hearts and minds was often neglected. However, this study pay attention to China’s role in fanning the global anxiety over the biological warfare and constructing the Cold War mentality in East Asia and more broadly in the globe. I argue that China’s international propaganda in the early years of the Cold War was quite effective in winning the hearts and minds across the bloc by successfully gaining support from influential left-leaning intellectuals in Europe.