Development and Urbanization
At a time when natural, industrial and social disasters are threatening post-industrial countries in the grip of a growing economic imbalance, the housing of populations remains certainly one of the fundamental reference points in the analysis of population flow controls and in their protection modalities. Ensuring the home to the "inhabitants" was one of the first concerns of the last century and everything suggests that it will be also the case for the century to come. Since the protection of the population is one of the fundamental roles of the state, it is in the form of a public duty that a system has been developed from the industrialization period of most countries. Responding to strict economic logic, these new forms of housing are quickly taken over by the private sector of construction, which will spread throughout the territories. Halfway between social protection and economic subjugation, public housing estates are nowadays, in all post-industrial societies, the scene of the most diverse social dramas. In order to reflect deeply on these spaces, we propose to present a complete history of Japan's urban habitat, from birth to contemporary period, in a country where capitalism is at an advanced stage and which requires maximum protection of its population because of its exposure to natural disasters: Japan.