Heritage and the Politics of Culture
Based on research field in 2011-2012-2013-2017 and on an article published in the Journal « The Mirror » in 2017, we examine the recent construction phase of Sikkim rebuild heritage in 2004-2005-2007 and 2013.
Indeed, tourism money served as a means of renovating old sites and reshaping or building new ones by Indian companies (Dulco, Hindustan Steel Work: Mitra, Roy, D, 2015:173) or capital of foreign companies (Hsbc: Mitra Roy 2015:173) by transforming the local architectural heritage made of oriental aesthetic and architectural models into heritage reconstructed in a modernized sacred landscape. Cultural and religious tourism by visiting monasteries or new sacred sites by Indian and international domestic tourists allow a revival of Indian tourism (Rizan, Ashokan 2013:41) in Sikkim with the question of market goods (Burger 2006:83) and their sanctuarization. Here, we will examine the different categories or concepts that allow to compare the recent reconstructed inheritance of an ancient heritage of monasteries on the basis of a religious analysis of the sacred landscape and essentially composed of former Tibetans monasteries dating from XV to XVII century or reconstruted big hindu statues dominating the landscape (Samdruptse, Solophok). It is a palimpsest of a period regretted by some Sikkimese Buddhist minorities (Suchismita Das: 2014).
Based on indirect and direct investigations or statistics in Sikkim: what are the relations between tourism and the renovated heritage ?
We especially focus on the reconstruction of the cultural and natural heritage and emphasize that there is a process of sanctuarization in spiritual parks.