Development and Urbanization
The contemporary Mukomuko is one of the nine regencies in the Bengkulu Province, Indonesia. The British had set foot in this then the seaside realm of the Anak Sungai Sultanate as from 1717 through the handover of Bencoolen Residence to the Dutch enacted by the Treaty of London in 1824. Henceforth, it was part of the Netherlands East Indies. Its past grandiose as a thriving marketplace for trading gold, opium, spices and salt, etc. southwestern coast of Sumatra seemed to drastically dwindle to a mere an isolated place until the Japanese occupation in 1942. This essay scrutinises Mukomuko based on the account of its Dutch civilian administrator, Dr. L.G.M. Jaquet in 1939-1940 in his Aflossing van de wacht. Bestuurlijke en politieke ervaringen in de nadagen van Nederlandsch-Indië, published by Ad. Donker, Rotterdam in 1978. Dr. Jaquet devoted about 8% of his book to recount his experience assigned as the controleur in this secluded place. Additionally it discusses the work of Hayay Barak, Mukomuko dalam Pena Dr. L.G.M. Jaquet, published by Indocase Press in 2018 in which he compares the condition of this place in the time of Dr. Jaquet’s with his own experience growing up in the area in 1970s up to early 1990s. It analyses the factors behind the rapid regression of this area’s importance, the slow progress of development, advantages and disadvantages of isolation, as well as the environmental and social impacts of modernisation.
Keywords: Mukomuko, Dr. L.G.M. Jaquet, change and modernisation