This presentation narrates the development of art school in Indonesia, especially in the city of Bandung which are now known as the Faculty of Art and Design on the campus of the Bandung Institute of Technology. It was in the internment camp during World War 2 in Indonesia that artist, critic, and designer Simon Admiraal met his friends. In the camp they discussed the injustices perpetrated by the Dutch in developing art education in Indonesia. Simon Admiraal believed that if Indonesians had access to a Western European style art education, they would be capable of producing work worthy the times, and would not be constrained by their traditions. Once the war was over, the pair pursued this vision and on 1 August 1947 the Balai Pendidikan Universiter Guru Gambar (University Education Centre for Drawing Teachers) within the Fakulteit Voor de Techniche Wetenschappen (Faculty of Engineering Sciences) of the Universitas Indonesia in Bandung, which was then to become the Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB). However, when this school developed rapidly and gave birth to modern Indonesian artists since 1950, the role of Simon Admiraal and his friends was forgotten. Indonesian art historiography only reveal the name of Ries Mulder. What is the role of Admiraal and his friends in establishing the foundation of the school? Why then in the 1950s was this school referred to as “the Western Laboratory”? This presentation will examine these questions.