Rethinking education particularly higher education of women has assumed importance in the global context today. It is imperative that we study it in view of the word-wide changing political, social and economic changes coupled with the enormous development in information and computer technology that has been taking place today. My paper will seek to locate the genesis of the shift in the higher educational concerns of the Indian particularly the Bengali woman in the first three decades since India's independence. It will try to analyse to what extent have traditional societies been able to integrate the highly educated female workforce at par with the male workforce particularly in the professions attached with the core sciences such as physics, chemistry and mathematics and technical education such as engineering. In doing so my paper will highlight the role of few pioneer women of Bengal who made it large in these areas in the first three decades after India's independence. An endeavour would also be made to link the post-colonial period with the pattern of education for women in the colonial period to their status in these professions in the current times. An effort would also be made to find out whether the socio-economic constraints that existed in the past and deterred women in the core sciences and professions supposed to be very much the'male domain' hold good even today.