When the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) occupied the most developed industrial areas in Northeast China –Harbin, Changchun and Shenyang – during the Civil War (1945-49), they knew they were very close to taking over the country. The next step was the most challenging goal as for the first time in their history, thousands of proletariat was under its jurisdiction. The CCP cadres spared no effort to instill Party control, to train these Northeasterners into the kind of Socialist New Men that they desired and to rebuild this war-torn industrial area with its final goal of winning the Civil War. Modelling on the Soviet Union, the CCP organised labour emulations in factories and villages to boost production. Labour models, spawning from the Soviet Stakhanovites, emerged and appeared in Party propaganda machine. The Stakhanovite Movement, named after a miner called Aleksei Stakhanov in 1935, was an attempt by the Soviet Union to raise productivity by labour emulations. Stakhanovites, or Labour Models, were acclaimed for extraordinary productivity with their new inventions and techniques. This paper argues that rather than being a faithful copycat of the Soviet Stakhanovite Movement, the CCP organised labour emulations by trial and error and practically anchored them into the context of production scenes. Improved productivity, labour disciplines, training, team-working, to name a few, were positively portrayed in Party propaganda. However, work safety and other problems such as cadres’ mismanagement were often played down if not covered up. Such manoeuvring set the work culture of the People’s Republic of China.