Arts and Culture
The problem of Jesuit missionaries’ perception of Chinese art starts from the founder of the Mission in China Matteo Ricci (1552-1610), who was the first to introduce Western painting to Emperor Wan Li (though in vain). This discrepancy was overcome by a seminal Jesuit painter at the Qing Court—Giuseppe Castiglione (1688-1766). Russian collections can boast of his single work, under the title “Playing Children” (Qian Long’s period). Besides this scroll, Russian Museum of Oriental Art counts six horizontal scrolls (among which “Ice Show on the Taiyi Lake”, previously falsely attributed to Castiglione), produced in Beijing in the beginning of the 20th c. The talk will cover development of the mutual movement of Jesuit artists and their Chinese (Manchu) patrons, leading to the emergence of Sino-European style, mirroring the famous Accomodativa principles of Jesuit teaching and bridging Ricci’s ideas with Castiglione’s art.
Keywords: Giuseppe Castiglione, Lang Shining, Sino-European Style, Xianfa method, Jesuit artists