Our current knowledge of Prehistoric Mustang (Nepal) is indebted to the pioneering work of several scholars and archaeologists, notably Dieter Schuh, Angela Simons, and Sukra Sagar Shrestha and their contributions to the Nepal-German Project (1992-1998). The excavations conducted for the interdisciplinary Nepal-German Project took place in the southern part of the Mustang valley and revealed, for the first time, the presence of prehistoric burials. Later research conducted by Mark Aldenderfer between 2007 and 2016 confirmed the possibility of a seemingly homogeneous prehistoric culture in Lower Mustang, an area still considered remote today.
Additional data concerning this prehistoric culture was brought to light during my 2017 doctoral fieldwork with the discovery of two burials, the earliest to have been found to date in this part of the Himalayas.
In this paper, I will discuss how these recently discovered burials suggest the presence of a local mortuary tradition while providing evidence of cultural and material exchange in the region during the first millennium BCE.
These elements will advance our knowledge of the peopling of high-altitude regions bordering the Tibetan plateau.