According to the National New-type Urbanization Plan (2014-2020) released by the Central committee of the Communist Party, China aims to intensify urban growth while improving urban milieu with environmentally friendly path. This goal takes part of a common contemporary issue shared by a large number of fast developing countries: how to boost urbanization, stimulate the economic growth and protect the environment at the same time? The paper intends to explore the current Chinese planning approaches which provide new tracks of environmental strategies with effective planning solutions adapted to the speed and scale of its urbanization.
The particular case study of Xiamen (Fujian Province) will be introduced, whose city planning is considered as a pioneer and successful environmental development strategy represented within an original Master Plan Design. Indeed, the hypothesis is to consider the key role of plans and the impact of design to engage the city into environmental goals and effective built reality. In one hand, Xiamen’s plans are used as a central tool for creativity, using graphic codes and design strategies in order to develop innovative city concepts. In another hand, plans are no longer designed only for functional or communication purposes, but are also crossed vision tools between architects, researchers, politicians, private investors and inhabitants.
Xiamen’s innovations in terms of environmental performance is based on the evolution of its planning documents, leading to a new vision of urban practice and design. In this perspective, the paper will be introducing China as new international leading model for environmental design.