Development and Urbanization
This paper presents preliminary findings regarding hotel residences developed for and occupied by Korean professional expatriate families in Hanoi. This insertion of high rise hotel residences represent the addition of a new element into a rapidly globalizing city. Why and how are these hotel residences developed in globalizing cities in developing countries? How do residents who are mainly Koreans make sense of their home, neighborhood and community within the context of a “foreign” city? And how do this new high density-mixed use intrusions change our understanding of the urban neighbourhood? Preliminary interviews have yielded some intriguing results. First, the presence of high rise Korean enclaves are the result of the surge of Korean direct investment as well as a corresponding development of housing directed at high-income Korean expatriate professionals. Second, the developer’s efforts at developing such mono nationality residences create tension among local Vietnamese. Third, educational needs, and further stratifying lifestyle practices of the Korean expatriate community have further transformed the surrounding neighborhoods. Fourth, the residents’ sense of home, neighborhood and community differs depending on gender and generations but it can largely be understood as that of a lifestyle gated community creating new forms of visible neighbourhood-based divisions in a globalizing city in developing country.