Since the reform era, the study of social conflict in mining has increased dramatically along with the high level of conflict and violence in mining both large-scale and small-scale. Unfortunately, attempts to place conflict studies in mining in the relationship between migrant mobility, livelihoods and efforts to gain access to mining sites tend to be ignored. In the case of mining the work in various regions in Indonesia is generally carried out by migrants, both those who have capital, knowledge and mining expertise. While locals who are usually farmers, own lands that contain mine deposits and do not have mining knowledge and experience, especially in newly discovered mining areas. By taking the case of a gold mine located in Bombana district, this article aims to examine the politics of miners to gain access to mining sites, and to what extent working as either small- or large scale miners can support or increase their source of income. Getting access to mining sites is not easy for the miners. They have to obtain mining permits or access to a mine locality, that is not easy to get or to enter. This situation is made especially challenging by the fact that tensions often occur with members of the local community who express their discontent in various ways.