Heritage and the Politics of Culture
In 1965, a putsch triggered spontaneous and coordinated mass violence in Indonesia which resulted in the death of 500,000 and an equally important number of imprisoned persons. National history remembers this event as the movement of September 30, 1965 and attributed it to the Indonesian Communist Party. Following this event, decades of manipulated historiography have paired communists with cruelty and imprinted the fear of it in Indonesian society.
In 2015, fifty years after the event, a campaign to counter this widespread narration - Ingat 65 - enjoys a remarkable success in Indonesia and among the diaspora abroad. Presenting personal narrations of 1965 and therefore other “truths” on a collective blog dedicated to it. This memory in motion, constantly upgraded by different voices which, sometimes, answer or influence each other, form an answer to the imposed memorialization of 1965 by the State.
The present papers analyses the production and dissemination of personal memories through this platform, and especially the role played by different sociocultural contexts – in Europe and Indonesia - in this process. How education, political context, exchange with others or reversely isolation, have influenced the expression of 1965-66 memory? In a second time and building on the development made by social history on emotions in modern Europe, the paper intends to shed light on how people express pain, sadness, or fear after having experienced traumatic events and how this emotional heritage is, intentionally or not, passed on to the next generations.