Co-Authors: Michael Collyer - Professor, Sussex University ; Richard Black - Professor, Sussex University
Even as climate- and weather-related events displace people, and migration works as an adaptation strategy, extreme events and subsequent impoverishment sometimes severely restrict people’s mobility options. Recent research in the coastal districts of Bangladesh shows that such immobility needs urgent attention in a context of changing climate, especially over the Himalayas, where the great rivers of the delta originate. On the basis of a set of case studies, including from Bangladesh, Foresight, for instance, has argued that hazards and their aftermath could involve serious implications of people’s mobility options, and immobility or some forms of movement to vulnerable places could enhance people’s vulnerabilities. Though such immobility has been a matter or academic attention, it was the Foresight Report that made it a significant point of discussion in the context of climate- and environment-related migration. Foresight proposed a range of potential mobility options in a context of environmental change — adaptive migration, maladaptive migration, displacement, and immobility. The proposed study looks specifically at circumstances in which people’s mobility is restricted amidst environmental change in Bangladesh, using the Foresight model, conceptualizing migration as an outcome of environmental change mediated by social, political, environmental, economic and demographic factors.