Heritage and the Politics of Culture
The cartography of the Moken social space allows us to follow the great furrows that history has left in the nomads’ narratives. These narratives help us to understand the origins, passages, settlements, slave raids and disappearances of the past, as well as the modern slavery perpetrated on fishing boats today. In short, the social space cartography makes it possible to identify nomadic roads, for example, but beyond that it draws "nodes" of crossroads between populations, most often considered peripherals, but actually at the center of human trafficking.
At present, when migration becomes a widespread phenomenon in Southeast Asia, groups such as the Rohingya, Burman and Mon use migratory routes that the Moken have explored for centuries. These routes are borderless and beyond state control, giving possibilities to human smuggling and trafficking among Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. On the other hand, such routes are an entire component of the nomads’ representation of the territory. We can therefore explore how to rely on their knowledge of the sea and trade routes, and their dangers, to get a first idea of the means used by traffickers or candidates for illegal emigration. This paper investigates how the CartES project could be used to develop a policy of safe migration for Southeast Asia.