Heritage and the Politics of Culture
We present the issues raised by the design of a museum (conservation, research and communication) devoted to the Moken people of the Mergui Archipelago (Myanmar).
This museum will be both physical and virtual. It will include classical museographic devices organized around objects, photographs and films, but it will also propose immaterial devices, a cartography of the Moken social space, virtual or augmented reality systems that can be consulted in all aspects of the country, offering contextualized cultural content, leaving no imprint on the living environment of the Moken, a natural environment that we want to let live and preserve.
This museum will be aimed at multiple targets: tourists from all over the world, Burmese tourists, researchers, but also the Moken themselves. However, communication towards a people of oral culture is a challenge and requires the development of appropriate means. Classic ones, starting with narration, person-to-person discussion (guides); then, the exploitation of the resources offered by audio material (recordings, translations of films, etc.). We are also interested in visual representations, filmed, photographed or drawn (explanatory diagrams, scenes of comics without words etc.). And finally, we must find solutions related to interactivity (how to make a tablet usable by someone who cannot read).
Communicating with and towards a population of oral culture leads us to rethink museographic devices in depth. Through conventional methods, but also a global digital strategy, we seek to make accessible an endogenous vision of the Moken social space between oral and written, written and digital, mobility and immobility.