Development and Urbanization
The ‘trans’ in migration discourse emerged only at the turn of the century as a specific group of migrants started hopping countries and continents to respond to the neoliberal need for cheap labour – both high and low skilled. As pointed Glick-Schiller et al (1991), transmigrants exhibit certain distinctiveness in behavior, trajectory of mobility and experiences of migration hitherto unknown to the study of migration and Diaspora. They are identified by the fluidity of their locality that is quite a dispersion from the classical imagination of a migrant who arrives in the host society to settle, integrate and possibly, assimilate. As a result, parameters for studying the transnational migrant are often specific and different from that of the lens through which migration studies have looked so far. The transience of the transnational is often intriguing as they are located in the fluidity of the market on one hand and ethnoscape on the other.
In that context, here the author explores the experiences of Indian transnational migrants in Germany, particularly within the perspective of gender. This paper emerges from ethnographic research conducted across Germany under Fritz Thyssen Stiftung Fellowship and argues that new linkages interjecting gender and migration emerge as neoliberalism paves the way for greater participation of transnational migrants, both women and men in the Indian diaspora in Germany, that in turn gradually changes the way patriarchy and heteronormativity have been dealt with so far.