This study examines who have housing equity among Japanese married women. Gender equality has long been a topic of special interest to social scientists in Japan but few research usually focus on housing equity (Institute for Research on Household Economics 2006a, 2006b and Hirayama 2011, Murakami 2017).
I analyzed the factors which affect married women’s equity using the latest data (2017) of Japanese Life-course panel survey (JLPS). Among those who lived in owned houses, only less than 20% had equity. Wives’ socio economic status, their educational attainment had positive effects on their equity. In contrast, co-residence with their parent(s) and traditional attitude toward gender roles had negative effects.
These results are explained by women’s economic situation and the family system: Women’s employment career is unstable compared with men’s career and gender wage gap is quite large. Divorce rate remained relatively low. In addition, the ideology of ie (a quasi-kinship unit) and still has certain influence on inheritance practices. Gender equality puts restraints on women’s having equity.