The Deccan plateau is today the victim of an ecological drama of which little is echoed. The disappearance of rivers is mainly the consequence of excessive use of groundwater and lack of care for the environment. It is also a “grabbing of water” for the benefit of the wealthiest landowner able to dig borewells. Groundwater use is not the subject of a collective discussion as it does not seem to be for the disappearance of rivers. Few research do a link between the two phenomena and rivers are disappearing in silence without social movement (except link with dam problem) mobilisation. The article discuss the first results of a survey near these disappeared rivers to understand the feelings of users of the river and the change or disappearance of water-related practices. The theoretical context is an approach of environmental inequalities between class, caste and gender on the social significance of river ecosystem destruction. The example of groundwater in Chamrajnagar district, Karnataka, is a good illustration (collective research in the ATCHA project (https://www6.inra.fr/atcha)).
Paper co-authored with: R. Avinash - Research assistant ANR ATCHA project ; Justine Deschamps-Rebere, Master degree student ANR ATCHA project ; Frédéric Landy – Institut français de Pondicherry (IFP) ; Marlène Oger-Marengo, Master degree student ANR ATCHA project ; Laurent Ruiz - INRA, IRD, Indo-French Cell of Water Science, Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore