The impact of emigration on women’s labor supply within households has been addressed in various countries but, to the best of our knowledge, there exists no study on this issue in Thailand and Vietnam. Moreover, this topic was initially addressed in qualitative case studies from anthropological, sociological and geographical perspectives; it is only recently that such an issue has been embraced in the economic literature. In general, the migration of household members can affect female participation to the labor market via two main channels: (i) intra-household reallocation of labor to replace the migrants’ labor and/or income; (ii) migrants’ remittances. However, the overall impact is inconclusive and might be heterogeneous.
We state that the aforementioned literature does not take into account the reasons of such emigration. Yet, in a country like Vietnam, the latter can be caused by sudden shocks, either economic or environmental, that motivate household male members to emigrate in order to improve the household income. In such a context, geographical location of the household seems to be also important. Hence, to address this issue, we examine alternative factors which affect the emigration of household members and then how this emigration, in turn, influences female labor supply and their empowerment. Investigating this question is very important in terms of adaptation and mitigation policy recommendations for Vietnam, particularly whenever the country faces numerous economic and environmental shocks due to climate change. Moreover, it is also helpful to deal with the poverty and inequality problems in Vietnamese rural areas.
Paper co-authored with: Thanh Tam Nguyen-Huu (CREAM, University of Rouen Normandy, France)