Migration and Diasporas
The paper draws upon in-depth interviews with elite Asian women scientists born in India, Pakistan, Japan, China, Taiwan, and Singapore to highlight how they their gender intersected with career aspirations and mobility expectations. The interviews reveal shared themes of privilege that allowed these women to leave their home country and pursue doctoral and postdoctoral training in the West, but also shared experiences of social pressure that limit their ability to rise rapidly within their profession once they became wives and mothers. The third and final shared theme in their accounts related to the experience of prejudice and discrimination on account of their gender which encouraged women scientists from particular countries - particularly Japan and Pakistan - to reject the idea of return migration to their birth countries, preferring instead to continuing practising their science in the West. These accounts highlight how the progress made by women scientists remains unevenly distributed, with more egalitarian working conditions in the West but ongoing social pressures in all countries.