Development and Urbanization
My on going research in the Black Forest/Kaiserstuhl is an effort to understand dynamics of European agriculture from the perspective of an Indonesian anthropologist. Historical data on land ownership and out of agriculture migration in the Black Forest leads me to question the relevance of agrarian reform in improving the quality of rural life in Indonesia. Just like in rural Indonesia, German rural areas have been subjected to a massive out of agriculture exodus. Becoming a farmer is nolonger the dream of the rural youth and farming no longer has a direct contribution to their economic life. Can out of agriculture migration serve as a panacea for the problem of poverty among the rural agricultural population in Indonesia? Just like the one that takes place in rural Europe?