Development and Urbanization
Co-Authors: Hanny Wijaya - MA, Samadhya Institute, Yogyakarta
Despite predictions that it would disappear, share tenancy continues to be an important element in the labour regimes of rice-growing villages in Indonesia. This paper compares the frequency, dynamics and conditions of share tenancy in the Javanese village of Kali Loro, between 1972-3 and 2017. Today, more than half of today’s rice farmers are involved in share tenancy relations. The commodification of farm inputs and the landowners’ failure to contribute to these costs (in contravention of Indonesia’s Basic Law on Share Tenancy) means that in ‘maro’ (50:50) share agreements the landowner’s share is actually more than twice that received by the tenant.
Hanny Wijaya is a Researcher at the Samadhya Institute, Yogyakarta. She has an MA in Anthropology from Gadjah Mada University.Her main research interests are agrarian change, gender, labour, cooperatives and action research. Email: email@example.com
Ben White (Email: firstname.lastname@example.org) is Emeritus professor of Rural Sociology at the International Institute of Social Studies, The Hague.His research interests focus on agrarian change and the anthropology and history of childhood and youth. He has been engaged in research on these issues since the 1970s, mainly in Indonesia. He is affiliate researcher at the Samadhya Institute, Yogyakarta and founder member of the Emancipatory Rural Politics Initiative (www.iss.nl/erpi)