Japan is the most aged society in the world. Over 20 % of population are more than 65 years, among them, women are the more numerous, as they live longer than men. In the cities, a large share of elderly people are living in a hospital or in a medical care centre. In the countryside, many elder widows keep on farming even after 80 years old. They are living happy in their home, and they feel useful. They are cultivating a small land, and selling a little production of various crops, mainly vegetables. They are one of the most important support against depopulation. Therefore, local authorities help them. For example, in some villages, they can receive technical advice to cultivate vegetables according to their ability, a help to drive their products to a farmer’s market. It is a great pleasure for elderly farming women to meet directly consumers. Elderly women do not work for an economical reason but for their ikigai. All what they aspire is to feel their being, meaningful. Ageing means to lose more and more ability. However, a human being will be human until the end of his life. Longer life will be a chance if it is a happy life. Keeping people working at an adapted rhythm with gestures adapted to their ability, is rewarding for them. And in the meantime, it is an important contribution to the whole society. Farming is one of the best sectors to deal with the challenge of an Ageing society.