Development and Urbanization
The World’s population is rapidly growing, however this growth concentrates to large metropolitan areas which are the most important migration destinations. This growth does not mean a spread of population into less favourable peripheries, ‘non-urban’ areas. Instead, we can see an accelerating concentration of people into metropolitan urban areas and the rapid sprawl of these territories towards their adjacent areas while the ‘non-urban’ areas hardly benefit from development. There are at least three main directions of interpreting the non-urban: 1) In the classical view it is periphery, it is part of the centrum-periphery system. In this system the rural areas are the peripheries of urban centres and there is strong connectivity, intensive flows, and dependency between urban and rural. 2) Peripheries became a dynamic concept more recently, because of the widening gap between urban cores and peripheries especially since the 2008 global economic crisis. These growing tendencies of inequality founded the issue of peripherization. 3) Periphery as result of poor accessibility. Several scholars prefer to use periphery concept for areas with bad accessibility and also argue that the peripherality originating in a somewhat physical cause. Dense areas might fit well into core-periphery theories due to better connectivity, but the connection between cores and really remote areas reflects a different system. They are ‘beyond the periphery’, therefore we cannot speak about centrum-periphery relations in case of these extreme ‘Edges’, sparsely populated ‘frontiers’. The study proposes to focus on these three concepts throughout three non-urban cases.