Development and Urbanization
This research focuses on examining the status of multidimensional poverty (MDP) and investigates the main factors affecting MDP in Lo Cuong rice noodles craft village, Hai Duong province, Vietnam. A survey conducted in 2017 revealed that although Lo Cuong village is now encapsulated by the city of Hai Duong and has been affected by industrialization, the rural lifestyle has so far been maintained with some farming activities such as planting of beans and cucumbers; raising of livestock such as poultry and pigs for both self-sufficiency and selling. The villagers are indigenous people who have been living there from generation to generation with paddy rice cultivation as the main economic activity before a massive conversion of agricultural to industrial and urban land emerged. Based on a survey and semi-structured interviews among craft households, non-craft households and local leaders, the empirical results show that despite the community is not financially poor, they still are deprived of some basic needs. In addition, there were considerable differences between crafts and non-crafts households. Limits of MDP awareness of villagers and limits of current anti-poverty policies were found to be the two main factors affecting MDP in Lo Cuong. The research has practical implications for designing more effective policies in order to reduce not only income poverty, but also other forms of poverty and to improve MDP analyses.