Religion and Beliefs
The relationship between religion and power is one of the main academic interests of religious studies and sociology religion. Religion sometimes uses or opposes or cooperates with political power and political power seizes or represses or uses religion once in a while. In Korean history of religion, the period when political power controlled or suppressed religion was particularly prominent during the Japanese colonial period. The Japanese tried not only to control the material resources of the colonial Korea but also to control the mind and spirit of Korean people. On that level, they wanted to repress Korean new religions, especially those who had strong nationalism. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how colonial power has developed and changed its policies and repressions during the colonial rule and how Korean religions, especially new religions, responded.
For this purpose, I would like to first examine the religious policy of the Japanese Empire according to the changes of the times. During the colonial rule of Korea, the Japanese imperialism changed its colonial governance policy in accordance with the changes in Japan and international circumstances, and changed its policy on religion. Second, I want to see what religious movements the new religions have developed against Japan. The purpose of this presentation is to clarify the relationship between colonial power and national religion in case of Korea.