Society and Identity
This study highlights the achievements and challenges of judicial reform in Korea over the past decade. Judicial reform in Korea, which began in the mid-1990s, began in earnest as the judicial reform bill passed in 2007 in the National Assembly. Since 2009, 25 law schools have been authorized nationwide and U.S-style postgraduate level law education and lawyer training system have been implemented. In addition, the introduction of the People's Participation Trial System, so-called jury system was adopted, gradually strengthening the democratic nature of the judiciary and improving the judicial system. Judicial reform in Korea, however, has been recently focused on the reform of the court itself, including the administrative office of the court, which is combined with the judicial evaluation system, judge selection and promotion system, introduction of judge election system and disciplinary system which strengthens the responsibility of the judiciary.
Based on previous research conducted in 2011, the author comprehensively reviews its results of judicial reform in each field over the past decade and evaluate the lessons. She also proposes the direction of reform of the judicial system in Korea through various empirical research data.