Since the beginning of the 1990s, human resource development has become one of the policy priorities in Japan’s Official Development Assistance (ODA). The Ministry of Foreign Affairs wants to develop human resources that contribute to the nation building of the recipient countries and to promote mutual understanding between Japan and the recipient countries through person-to-person exchanges. One of the components of Japan’s ODA programs is to receive students at Japanese universities. The Japanese government has been making efforts to increase the number of foreign students by providing additional scholarships and financial aid. The number of students from the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) studying at Japanese universities has risen from below 2,000 in 2000 to over 4,000 in 2014. More than half of them are recipients of ODA scholarships. However, not much is known about their personal/academic experience in Japan or what happened to them after returning to their countries. This means that no concrete information is available for the Japanese government to assess whether the ODA programs for human resource development have achieved the goals. This paper is part of my large research project about ex-Laotian students who completed their tertiary education in Japan. Laos is an LDC, and more than 70 percent of Laotian students at Japanese universities are supported by ODA scholarships. This paper focuses on their life after they left Japan, and argues how their experience in Japan has an impact on their views on Japan and Laos and their career choices.