Migration and Diasporas
The demographic of Taiwan underwent a dramatic transformation around 1990s with an influx of immigrants from Southeast Asia, but it is only in the recent decade that cultural institutions like museums have begun to incorporate immigrants through exhibitions and educational programs. Museums are seen as an instrument for exercising 'governance', as the 'exhibition apparatuses' provided the modern state with an ideology backdrop to rhetorically incorporate the people within the process of the state. Building on this theoretical framework, this paper explores the exhibitions of two national museums-National Taiwan Museum and National Museum of Taiwan History-both 'demonstration sites' for the government's 'museum accessibility and cultural rights' policy. This paper argues that while both museums claim that it can empower immigrants and reduce the public's discrimination through exhibitions and educational programs, it unwillingly re-racialized the "other/minority", by assuming that these new comers should portray certain traits and even impose certain performing images to cater to public imagination, which is often, even if not incorrect, mono-cultural. In addition, it is through these museums that we see that perhaps these minority cultures are not accepted by the public, but instead fatally form a subject that is fit to 'become Taiwanese' rather than having their knowledge production and influence on cultural coagulation of Taiwanese culture being acknowledged.