Society and Identity
Across many cultures gendered division of labor is associated with the social value system. Similar to men in African patriarchal societies, Chinese men play a vital role in rituals related to fame and social status. Daughters are excluded from public collective rituals to the supernatural, particularly those to deities and ancestors, because in traditional Chinese kingship their membership in their natal family is seen as temporary. Her kinship membership became affiliated with her husband’s lineage when she married. Jinmen has over one hundred villages, all of which remain solid patriarchal lineage villages. The knowledge and beliefs surrounding the production, distribution and consumption of food sacrifice not only establish the social value of women, but also transform woman from a stranger to a compliant daughter-in-law of a family and lineage. Women acquire power from practicing her obligations required by kinship to negotiate her status in the family. Although Jinmen became a militarized society as a result of the Cold War, women remained in control of domestic rituals and family affairs.