This paper is part on an ongoing historical research based on British unpublished records (especially military), aiming to unequivocally prove Britain’s responsibilities in favouring India’s partition. The speaker came to the conclusion that India’s partition should be completely revisited and the British policy in South Asia should be located within the wider framework of the British Middle Eastern policy. This approach requires a re-reading of the history of the British empire, that should be studied as a whole, with an insight of the articulations of the imperial policy and the connections between the different parts of the empire.
Starting from the assumption that the role of the British authorities regarding the Indian partition was that of a self-serving non commitment, marked by a hasty withdrawal from India, the paper will go into the details of the military and strategic interests that urged the British authorities to maintain UK’s control and influence on the Indian subcontinent, an area of tremendous importance as a crossroad between the Middle East and South East Asia. The issue of Pakistan’s and India’s entrance into the Commonwealth and the nature of the relationship between the Crown’s representatives, Congress led India and Pakistan will be examined, as well as the shift from the British to the American hegemony in South Asia in the first half of the 1950s, that was the most crucial period for the following developments, when Pakistan was involved in the most ruthless affairs of the 20th and 21st century.