Arts and Culture
While the idea of harmony between human and nature is becoming increasingly important today, Miki Kiyoshi (1897-1945), a modern Japanese philosopher, has a rather negative view of the organic unity or harmony as a restraint of human freedom. Under the influence of Western philosophers, especially Marx and Bergson, he criticizes Japanese intellectuals' nationalistic attitude during his time and insists on the need of humanism. His conception of "pathos" shows our nature of subjectivity to transcend and escape from an existing organic harmony with our social and natural environment. Nevertheless, Miki also admits that the "pathos" also seeks for a new harmony. After examining his ambiguous attitude to harmony and to the East, we will finally discuss individuals' responsibility for the environment proposed by Miki.