Development and Urbanization
Co-Authors: Shriya Anand - Senior Consultant, Indian Institute for Human Settlements
Since the economic reforms of the 1990s, there has been a renewed focus on urban India with the national government implementing several urban policy and legislative reforms. The Government of India has also begun to develop specific types of industrial and economic development policies over the last couple of decades that have led to the emergence of different kinds of settlements. This model of growth draws heavily on the successes of other East Asian countries such as China and South Korea where particular zones were developed to facilitate export-oriented industrialisation. As these new spaces of production emerge, challenges of governance, planning and policy arise with them. In this paper, we focus on the planning and governance arrangements along two corridor projects: the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor, and the proposed Chennai-Bangalore Industrial Corridor. This research looks at how these projects are planned, by whom, and for whom. We aim to study industrial infrastructure projects at two scales: the metropolitan/regional and the city. At the metropolitan/regional scale, we will be examining the process of planning and development of the two industrial corridors. This is juxtaposed with the gradual dismantling of large-scale manufacturing within Bangalore where preliminary analysis shows that over the last two master plan periods, industrial land has gradually been converted to mostly residential land, and the shifting of manufacturing outside the city limits. We interrogate how this aligns with the larger regional push towards intensifying manufacturing and what this means for the regional/urban economy.