Development and Urbanization
Since the late 1980s, Central Java has been enrolled in the international wood furniture market. Global demand has been met by contrasted forms of production, including large factories in industrial estates in the city of Semarang, scattered cottage factories in its close periphery, and clusters of household industries in the remote town of Jepara. Each of these forms is rooted in its local physical and social environment, thus shaping particular ecosystems where the morphology of productive and human settlements and core social values of business communities play a determining part.
Analysing how these forms of production have responded the ups and downs of a highly volatile market, we will try to sort out to what extent each type of productive organization has affected natural resources and social structures, thus questioning their sustainability and resilience.