Development and Urbanization
Co-Authors: Minh Phuong Nguyen - Ph.D. student, Hanoi Architectural University
Around Hanoi, clusters of craft villages have been producing for centuries articles designed for the daily life of villagers and for export. Since Open door policies, they have undertaken mechanization and modernization of their activity. They have scaled up and diversified their production and employ a large workforce. Some of them, specialised in paper, metal and plastic production, use scraps as raw material.
These craft recycling clusters buy scraps from various origins. Locally, there is an informal waste collection system very well organized in Hanoi thanks to 10.000 dong nat buying recyclable wastes from the citizens, which they resale to 800 junks buyers in the city and its out-skirts. Then, intermediaries resell them to the craft clusters factories and workshops. At the national level, large factories sell large amount of good quality scraps to these clusters factories. But the larger growing waste market is the international one, from Asian and Western origin. Tons of paper and plastic are exported /or re-exported every year to Vietnam and are recycled in craft villages workshops.
This presentation aims to address the impact of the Chinese and Vietnamese Green fences regulation on the local and domestic waste markets suppliers and on the industrial production in recycling scraps villages. Several issues will be presented: the interrelation between the three waste and scrap supply markets, the impact of the restriction of importation on the dong nat system dynamic and the environmental and labour employment effect of the scaling up of craft cluster factories importing foreign scrap.