Inequality in education leads to inequality in other life outcomes: employment, income, and health. It is important to understand inequality in educational outcomes by income and gender in order to get a clear picture of mobility and patterns of stratification. Furthermore, educational inequality may have a political impact. In this paper, I ask the research question: How does educational inequality in Vietnam compare to that found in other countries? I look at inequality in outcomes like basic proficiency in reading and math, lower secondary completion, transitions to upper secondary and graduation from upper secondary school, and overall mean educational attainment across the dimensions of income, gender, and rural/urban residence with data collected from UNESCO’s World Inequality Database on Education. Generally, proficiency scores from Vietnam are high compared to other nations overall and inequality in income, and gender are generally low. There is, though, more inequality according to rural/urban residence. These patterns may be sue to when students are tested and Vietnam’s secondary education system. Students are tested in upper secondary school, after many students have not made the transition to upper-secondary school. There is high inequality by income in who makes the transition to and, particularly, who completes upper secondary school. And, overall, there is high inequality in mean years of schooling. These results suggest that policy-makers should focus on the transition to secondary school for poor students, particularly, and the completion rate of upper secondary school for everyone. This could be made easier by lowering fees, increased monitoring, less “shadow” education, less focus on university entrance exams, and other changes.