Knowledge and Philosophy
The drive for ‘transformation of higher education toward excellence’ in Britain has spread out to Europe and Asia. The UK and USA-led world university ranking systems have begun to rank European and Asian elite universities in hierarchical order based on their scoring system, which had resulted in uniformity and standardization of the educational curricula and increased the pressure for the research outputs. Many universities in Asia have adopted SCI (science citation index) and SSCI (social science citation index) as one of their measures to assess the quality of research and subsequently increased knowledge production in English language.
The university education has shifted much attention to teaching students with the practical knowledge and skills tailored to the needs of the industry from the original mission of the university to cultivate mature citizenship. In this round table, the professors at various Asian and European higher education institutions will discuss about the changes in education and research over the past couple of decades as all these changes have taken place and reflect on how to overcome the current situations of overemphasis on research outputs, dominance of Western academic standards for excellence and worker training mode of education. The roundtable participants will answer the following questions to reflect critically on how the current higher education innovations are changing the university as site for research and education.
During part I of the roundtable Transformation of Higher Education and Its Challenges in Asia and Europe I, the following will be discussed.
What kinds of university reform policies have emerged in your country in the context of knowledge-based economy and competitiveness of higher education? For example, corporative institutional forms of university governance have been producing such discourses as “world class,” “custormer-oriented” educational reform.
How do Asian and European universities respond to the “globalization of higher education”? (Referring to such examples as the London Campus of Stanford University, Business school of Peking University in London, US. British, Australian universities in China and Southeast Asia)
What is your perspective on the globalization of higher education?
Global and local university ranking have made hugh impact on the nature of higher education. What kinds of impact do you witness in your university and in your country? What are your thoughts on the “world class” university rankings?