Politics and International Relations
The 21st century has witnessed a further increase of South-South development initiatives in which particular ‘new’ and/or ‘emerging’ Asian actors are playing a role and shaping the way development is thought about and conducted. Obviously a more established example is Japan and its various ODA programmes and initiatives. But nowadays China is becoming increasingly globally dominant through its One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative and its leading role in the BRICS. However, we also see a country like Korea strengthening its position in the Global aid architecture, like for example the organisation of the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan. But there are also civil society organisations that initiate or use of transnational platforms to influence development outcomes in other Asian, African or Latin American locales. Maybe even more importantly Asian emerging economies are seen as role models for policy makers, ambitious politicians and elites in the Global South. In fact, Korea under various recent Presidents, has branded itself as a nation –Global Korea– ambitious to share its recent development achievements with other developing countries.
This panel seeks to explore the ideational impact of these linkages between Asian and other developing societies. Fourie (2017) has argued that scholarly debate would benefit from defining these linkages as intersecting modernities, broadly defined as societal self-understandings that wish to provide answers to collective economic, political and epistemic problems. By focusing on processes of policy transfer and policy assemblages we further our understanding of the way in which, for example, Asian and African modernities, are linked. Moreover, we may reflect on the use of transnational methodologies such as multi-sited ethnographies that may provide innovative methodological tools.
This panel brings together experts in the field of transnational knowledge exchanges who focus on the role of various Asian actors in development.