Identity is socially and historically constructed through connections with the individual self, the community, the state, and various institutions. This panel explores how identities were constructed, negotiated, and reconstructed in the Qing dynasty (1644-1911). Under the context of imperial expansion and social integration, different layers of identities were defined and redefined through constant negotiations in between the person and the state different social groups. The four papers assembled in this panel examine different time periods of the Qing dynasty, different kinds of identities, and different mediums where identities were being negotiated. Specifically, Chen Huiying discusses the reformation of individual identity for travelers through their travel to the frontier regions during the mid-Qing time; Yves Trachsel analyzes the conflicts and compromises between the state’s imposed banner identity and the self-reflected individual identity for the bannermen as manifested in the language primers; Wang Yingzi examines the Qing state’s measures to transform the social identity of bannermen into civilians during the last years of Qing Dynasty. He Jiani explores how the trilingual history textbooks issued in Manchuria promoted an integral state where ethnic differences were subsumed to a wider identity in a united China. Given the particular conditions created by the cohabitation of different ethnicities throughout the Qing, foremost between Han Chinese and Manchus, sources dating from this period are an especially fertile ground for the analysis of how identities are constructed and how they can evolve over time.