Migration and Diasporas
This is the second of two panels convened on behalf of the journal Translocal Chinese: East Asian perspectives (www.brill.com/tcea), which is concerned with translocal Chinese mobility and settlement within and without East Asia; it has a special focus on its (pen)insular part, including Japan, the Korea’s, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao. The first panel discusses about how the One Belt One Road (OBOR) Initiative may affect ethnic relations in Southeast Asian countries.
China’s One Belt One Road initiative, which took shape in 2013-2015, coupled with the establishment of the Asian Infrastructure and Investment Bank during 2015, marks a new stage in China’s expansion abroad. The initiative follows upon the previous mobility transitions, namely the 1980s emergence of “new migrants (Xin Yimin)”, and the (Going West and) Going Out strategy, which took off in 1999. These transitions had already complicated the existing patterns of Chinese migration and settlement.
The present panel is on how OBOR may help globalize the student mobility and the knowledge and cultural industries in and from Indonesia, Taiwan, South Korea, and Shenzhen in Mainland China. There is a special emphasis on students from the expanding middle classes in Mainland China and Taiwan. The panel envisages connecting the student and cultural mobility with the broader social and political context in which these operate, and show the ambitions and aims, which drive students and cultural practitioners to venture abroad, as well as the new methods that are developed to realize these aims and ambitions. It is asked, what their impact may be on the transformation of the societies in which they land, and where they come from, and on the potential they have to create a dynamic and productive transnational sphere of intellectual and cultural interaction.