Society and Identity
While urban areas are often characterised by a life rhythms much faster than rural areas, these latter have not stagnated in the face of urbanisation and globalisation. The systematic opposition between urban and rural deserves to be questioned, because the multiple rural-urban exchanges not only make the spatial border obscure, but also considerably structure the life rhythms of the individuals, whether they come from the urban environment or the rural environment. These panels focus on the change of social and productive rhythms in rural Asia. Far from being disconnected from the outside world, rural areas in many Asian societies are progressively engaged in a process of transformation. Whether we consider the masses of workers they provide to urban enterprises and factories, the granaries that their agricultural produce supply or their territorial and cultural specificities exploited for tourism and leisure purposes, local societies of these regions are affected by profound changes in individual and collective life cycles.
Transformations of life rhythms, social organisations, production systems and ritual practices can be directly initiated by local groups, or they can also emerge under the leadership of actors or exogenous dynamics to the group (development policies, natural disasters, tourism industry, etc.). Based on ethnographic studies conducted in different Asian countries (Sri Lanka, Indonesia and China), the papers presented during these panels discuss the modalities of social transformations. In particular, they propose reflections on the processes of adaptation, readjustment, resilience or resistance that are put in place by individuals in reconfigured social contexts.
Divided in two sessions, three presentations focus on the theme of social and ritual activities. The other three focus on productive and economic activities. The set of interventions and the discussions initiated aim to question, from different approaches, the temporalities of human activities, and their relationship to the social, ecological and spatial reconfigurations of rural societies in Asia.