Migration and Diasporas
This is the first of two panels convened on behalf of the journal Translocal Chinese: East Asian perspectives (www.brill.com/tcea), which is concerned with translocal Chinese mobility and settlement within and without East Asia; it has a special focus on its (pen)insular part, including Japan, the Korea’s, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao. The panels discuss about how the One Belt One Road (OBOR) Initiative may affect ethnic relations in Southeast Asian countries, and how it may help globalize the student mobility and the knowledge and cultural industries in and from Indonesia, Taiwan, South Korea and Shenzhen in Mainland China.
China’s One Belt One Road initiative, which took shape in 2013-2015, coupled with the establishment of the Asian Infrastructure and Investment Bank (AIIB) during 2015, marks a new stage in China’s expansion abroad. The initiative follows upon the previous mobility transitions, namely the 1980s emergence of “new migrants (Xin Yimin)”, and the (Going West and) Going Out strategy, which took off in 1999. These transitions had already complicated the existing patterns of Chinese migration and settlement.
The present panel takes a critical stance towards the prevalent optimism in Beijing towards OBOR’s results. It does so by comparing present-day Mainland Chinese and Taiwanese migration and settlement in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and Thailand, and discuss on how OBOR may affect the existing ethnic relationships. It contextualizes these by looking at how OBOR and AIIB may increase tensions between the involved countries and the countries, which traditionally belong to the US sphere of influence, including (pen)insular East Asia and Southeast Asia; but also at how OBOR may stimulate new forms of collaboration as well, and give shape to new patterns of integration, and to new lifestyles.