Following the end of civil wars, repressive regimes and colonial occupation, Asia underwent dramatic transformations in political regimes and social structures, and Asian societies have made significant efforts to address of the wrongs of the past. These efforts have brought about the implementation of a range of transitional justice mechanisms, including war crime trials, truth commissions and committees, reparations and construction of collective memory.
Today, transitional justice has undergone a significant critical turn by moving its focus beyond a legal framework, drawing in particular from such disciplines as political science, history and sociology. Literature on transitional justice has paid close attention to the issues of power and legitimacy and the impact of transitional justice mechanisms in practice.
This panel presents transitional justice measures in Asia during the postwar period, and overviews three dimensions of debates: collective memory, war crime trials, and the theoretical approaches to transitional justice. This panel reconsiders the conceptual structure, as well as the theoretical scope and limitations of transitional justice. In doing so, this panel expands the conceptual framework of transition and justice, and deepens our understanding of the contexts and means of transitional justice.