The panel focuses on the territorial partitions caused by European colonialism in the Middle East and South Asia. The panel covers the period from the 1920s to the present. The core of the study is a comparative study of India’s and Palestine’s partitions, their causes and the real colonial interests behind these events. Both partitions took place in 1947 and the main actor was the British administration.
Partitions had far reaching consequences, that determined further separations, unbalances and conflicts. The short and long term effects of the Indian, Middle Eastern and Palestine partitions will be examined and present fragmentations of the Middle East will be analysed in the light of past partitions, in order to better understand if and how the geopolitical games between the 1910s-1920s, the early Cold War and the present have changed.
The main goal of the panel is to put forth a new explanation of territorial partitions in Middle East and South Asia aiming at overturning the commonly accepted version of the events.
Up to now the mainstream historiography attributed the liability of separations to opposing groups in the respective local political environments: Hindu/Muslims, Arab/Jews. Partitions are explained as the only possible solutions to otherwise unsolvable problems. In this way the colonial powers discharge their responsibilities to the colonized. History has been written mostly by western scholars and most Asian historians complied with western narrations.
The research work of some speakers are based on new historical evidence that allow new interpretations of those facts and the reconstruction of the geopolitical interests that brought the colonial powers to “re-order” the Asian space according to their goals.
The main intermediate and long term effects of Palestine's and India's partitions were not only the reshaping the geopolitical space, with new fragmentations and conflicts (for instance Kurdistan and Baluchistan), but had a remarkable impact on the nature of the states emerging from these processes.
The panel is still under construction and more participant may be included.