Migration and Diasporas
Due to the rapid mass urbanisation, there is direct impact on the livelihood of migrated urban poor, who are living under sub-standard housing conditions and involving themselves in an informal sector for income. Having an aspiration of achieving some specific objectives as an instrumental value of the migration, the migrated urban poor are facing another reality in a migrated place and which has a great impact on their livelihood. Which counts for migrants’ livelihood actually? In this context, it is very important to analyse and understand their pre-and post-migration livelihood condition. Considering this issue, this paper aims to compare and analyse how and to what extent the livelihood of urban poor has been changed before and after migration at their current living place. The empirical findings are based on a questionnaire survey covering 175 households in a Karail slums of Dhaka, which was conducted in 2016. This study shows, the provision of basic utilities and services, other than drinking water, for the migrated urban poor were not standardized by the responsible city administration. Moreover, they were not involved in any formal economic sectors, and therefore, being engaged in the urban informal sectors they were somehow managing to survive their livelihood in a precarious way. Data also reflects that in most of the cases the livelihood condition of these poor remain same and even worse after migration, which confirms migration could not play an important role to improve the livelihood condition, if it is not well-planned and supported by government.