1. 2011 – 2015 Singapore Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) Registry Report
The registry is a prospective multinational OHCA registry established in 2010. The registry data is extracted from dispatch records, ambulance forms, emergency department records, and in-hospital medical records.
Data collected from 2011 - 2015
Description 2011 2015
Overall survival rates improved over the years 3.5% 5.3%
Age-standardised survival rates significantly increased 4.5% 7.3%
Utstein, alson known as bystander witnessed VF cardiac arrest, doubled 11.6% 21.3%
Bystander CPR rates increased 22% 54.1%
Bystander AED rates increased 1.8% 4.1%
No. of survivor increased 48 125
2. “DARE to Save a Life” Programme
Also known as Dispatcher Assisted First Responder (DARE), this programme started on April 2014 and target mainly on rescuers aged 11 years and above. A total of 95 schools have participated in this programme and the number is increasing. Till date, a total of 74,810 people from primary and secondary schools, various companies and government statutory boards have been trained under this programme. Their slogan is stay on the line, push hard and fast, and use the AED.
3. SAF Medical Training Institute
In Singapore, all able bodied male reaching the age of 18 years old is required to under National Service with Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). SAF Medical Training Institute is responsible for training about 20,000 military personnel a year in CPR and AED since 2010 and continues to do so till today.
4. myResponder Mobile Application
myResponder is an application by Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) to promote national rescue efforts by alerting members of the public to nearby cardiac arrest cases, and thereby save lives and increase the survival rate for OHCA in the first few critical minutes. myResponder also allow members of the public to provide onsite information (via submission of photos and videos) for SCDF to gain an understanding of the situation. Using the “Call 995” button in the app, users can send their geolocation to SCDF’s Operations Centre and enable SCDF to dispatch emergency resources to the scene sooner. The app will notify members of the public of cardiac arrest cases within 400m of their location. When the alert is accepted, the person rendering assistance will proceed to said location and perform CPR on the casualty. Alternatively, responders can use the app to locate AEDs nearby and apply it to the casualty. For more information, please visit www.scdf.gov.sg/savealife
5. AED On Wheels – a pilot programme to equip taxis with AEDs
A phone app was designed to alert taxi drivers to cardiac arrest cases within 1.5km. Upon receiving the alert and accepting it, taxi drivers reaching the scene can provide their equipped AED to the casualty. In the event if paramedics arrive at the scene first, taxis would be notified to stand down. As a post-incident measure, taxi drivers involved are required to document the incident and return the AED for checkup and maintenance. There are 155 taxi drivers whose vehicles are equipped with AEDs and AED decals are displayed on the taxis’ windows and interior.