Presentation Authors: Jennifer Ahn, Margarett Shnorhavorian, Shannon Cannon*, Kathleen Kieran, Paul Merguerian, Seattle, WA
Introduction: Publications in academic journals have been associated with promotion and career advancement. In many specialties, women have been underrepresented as authors and editors in journals. To our knowledge, this has not yet been examined in the subspecialty Pediatric Urology, in which females comprise about half of the current fellowship graduates. Our objective was to evaluate the role of gender in invited authorship and editorial positions in the Journal of Pediatric Urology. We hypothesized that womenâ€™s roles have increased over time, but that women are underrepresented as compared with professional society membership.
Methods: We examined all issues of the Journal of Pediatric Urology from 2005 to August 2018, recording editorial board members and first and senior authors for all editorials and invited commentaries. Gender and country of institution were also recorded for each individual. The same was done for the 2017 Societies for Pediatric Urology membership. For unknown authors, we visited institutional websites and used internet search engines to determine gender. Descriptive statistics were performed, along with Cochran-Armitage trend test and chi squared test, with a p value < 0.05 considered significant. All analyses were performed with STATA 14.
Results: A total of 143 editorials and 162 invited commentaries were identified within the study period, with numbers increasing each year. Overall, these publications had 448 first and senior authorships, of which 49 (11%) were female. The 448 authorships represented 177 discrete authors with 23 (13%) being female. Of the 898 board positions over the study period, only 7.0% were held by females. The proportion of female authorships increased over time (p = 0.007), while the proportion of board positions did not (p=0.278), Figure 1. _x000D_
In 2017, SPU membership was 16.9% female, while invited authorship from Canada and the US was 13.7% female (p = 0.137). Only 11.7% of the Canadian or US editorial board members were female during that year (p=0.049).
Conclusions: Female invited authorship has increased over the past 13 years in the Journal of Pediatric Urology, nearly reflecting SPU membership in 2017. However, editorial board membership has lagged, indicating an opportunity for change.