Presentation Authors: Vi Tran*, Lexington, KY, Madeline Koerner, Elizabeth Tullos, New Orleans, LA, Alison Rasper, Katie Ballert, Deborah Erickson, Amanda Saltzman, Lexington, KY
Introduction: The proportion of women in senior leadership roles within urology remains substantially lower than that of female candidates entering the specialty. It is unclear if women are receiving the visibility, networking opportunities, mentorship, and recognition that influences advancement to senior leadership roles. While women comprise a smaller proportion of the urology workforce than men, we hypothesize that female participation at national meetings is similar to female membership rates. This study compares the proportion of female members in the Societies for Pediatric Urology (SPU) with the proportion of female participation and weighted female podium time at national pediatric urology meetings.
Methods: Annual and fall SPU meeting archives from 2013-2017 were reviewed. The 2015 fall meeting was excluded as it was unavailable. Presenter gender, role (moderator, invited speaker, podium presenter, moderated poster presenter, and video presenter), and time of presentation (minutes) were recorded. Gender was determined by listed speaker's first name. In cases of ambiguity, an internet search was performed to clarify gender. Participation was weighted by the time an individual was at the podium. Female participation, unweighted and weighted, was compared with the proportion of female SPU membership (20%) using the Z statistic. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: There were 1,592 total participants and 29,371 total podium minutes over the study period. While 29.1% of the conference participants were females, women comprised only 21.3% of presenters when weighted by time at the podium(table). Over time, there was a general increase in female participation (24.5% in 2013 to 34.1% in 2017). Weighted participation similarly increased over time, but remained lower than unweighted participation (17.3% in 2013 to 26.3% in 2017). Fall meetings and invited speaker opportunities specifically had lower than expected female participation (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: Female participation at SPU meetings overall exceeds the current proportion of female SPU membership. However, when weighted by time at the podium, female participation decreases. Female participation at fall meetings and invited speaker opportunities are specific areas that lag behind female membership rates.